What is Gingivitis?


One common disease that occurs when the person doesn’t take care of his oral hygiene is gingivitis. It happens when the bacteria inside the mouth is left unchecked. These bacteria cause the gums to be inflamed and recede away from the teeth.  

Gingivitis is a serious problem and needs to be treated as early as possible. If not treated, it can lead to more serious disease such as periodontitis. Periodontitis is the main reason for tooth  loss in adults, says the American Dental Association. Dental infections are bad both for the health and the pocket. According to a study by the Centres for Medicare and Medicaid, there were about $111billion money the entire United States has spent for dental services in 2013. 

How is gingivitis developed? If you will observe, there is a tiny space that is formed between your teeth and the gum line. This is called a sulcus. This space becomes a trap for small pieces of food. And if this food is not removed, bacteria will breed and will cause the infection-the gingivitis. Gingivitis can also happen when hardened plaque from the teeth reaches the sulcus. 

If gingivitis is not diagnosed and treated at an early stage, it can damage the supporting tissue and the bone that supports the teeth. The tooth will get loose and eventually needs to be taken out, or it will fall by itself. 

Sometimes, a simple case of gingivitis progresses to the worst case because it is hard to detect early on. However, you can consult a dentist once you see or feel these symptoms: inflamed gums, there is blood when you brush or floss your teeth, gums that recede from the teeth, you can feel as if your teeth are not in the right position while you eat or speak, pus accumulation in the gums, sensitive teeth, and bad breath. 

You need to take gingivitis seriously. If left untreated, it can increase the risk of certain conditions such as lung disease, heart ailments, diabetes, and stroke. More so, pregnant women with gingivitis can have low weight infants and worse, premature birthing. 

The treatment for gingivitis starts by probing if your gum is swollen. The dentist will measure your gums by a small ruler or will order an X-ray check-up. Once you turned positive for gingivitis, a dentist or a periodontist (experts on gum diseases) will suggest several ways to counter it. This might include deep cleaning your mouth, prescribe antibiotics or surgery. 

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